Canadian Army

About the Army

The Canadian Army is the land component of the Canadian Armed Forces.

The Army protects Canadians and our interests by:

  • defending Canadian territory
  • maintaining Canada's sovereignty by providing land surveillance and combat-ready forces
  • contributing to the collective defence of North America
  • providing armed and unarmed assistance to civil authorities when needed to maintain public order and security
  • assisting provincial and other authorities with natural disasters including earthquakes, floods, storms, forest fires and other emergencies
  • supporting Canadian interests abroad, by providing forces to the UN, NATO, and other operations involving more than two nations
  • serving as peacekeepers
  • providing humanitarian assistance

Army Organization

The Canadian Army is the largest element of the Canadian Armed Forces:

  • 22,800 members serve as full-time soldiers in the Regular Force
  • 18,700 are part-time, volunteer soldiers in the Reserve Force
    • including 5,000 Rangers who serve in sparsely settled northern, coastal and isolated areas of Canada
  • 4,500 civilian employees who support the Army

About the Army - main page

1st Canadian Division

On 01 April 2015, transfer of Command Authority for the 1st Canadian Division took place from the Canadian Army to the Canadian Joint Operations Command.

The 1st Canadian Division headquarters (1st Cdn Div HQ) leads operations for the Canadian Joint Operations Command throughout the full spectrum of conflict to meet national objectives. 1st Cdn Div HQ provides task-tailored, deployable, joint headquarters at advanced states of readiness to command and control joint, interagency, and multinational forces, at home and abroad.

Army in Quebec

2nd Canadian Division (2 Cdn Div) is responsible to provide combat ready land forces in accordance with assigned tasks, conduct general purpose training in preparation for various land operations, and provide support services to other organizations as directed or as mutually arranged. It includes all Regular and Reserve Force units in Quebec.

Army in Western Canada

3rd Canadian Division (3 Cdn Div) is responsible to provide combat ready land forces in accordance with assigned tasks, conduct general purpose training in preparation for various land operations, and provide support services to other organizations as directed or as mutually arranged. It includes all Regular and Reserve Force units in western Canada from the Pacific Ocean to Thunder Bay, Ontario, with the exception of the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre in Wainwright, Alberta, which is administered by the Canadian Army Training and Doctrine Centre.

Army in Ontario

4th Canadian Division (4 Cdn Div) is responsible to provide combat ready land forces in accordance with assigned tasks, conduct general purpose training in preparation for various land operations, and provide support services to other organizations as directed or as mutually arranged. It includes all Regular and Reserve Force units in Ontario, with the exception of a portion of North Western Ontario, which falls under 3 Canadian Division (3 Cdn Div). Army national training and doctrine facilities in Ontario are administrated by the Canadian Army Doctrine and Trining Centre1st Canadian Division (1 Cdn Div) is located at CFB Kingston, Ontario and reports directly to Army Headquarters.

Army in Atlantic Canada

5th Canadian Division (5 Cdn Div) is responsible to provide combat ready land forces in accordance with assigned tasks, conduct general purpose training in preparation for various land operations, and provide support services to other organizations as directed or as mutually arranged. It includes all Regular and Reserve Force units in the four Atlantic Provinces, with the exception of the 2nd Battalion The Royal Canadian Regiment, which falls under the operational command of  4 Canadian Division (4 Cdn Div). The Combat Training Centre in Gagetown, New Brunswick, is administered by the Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre.

Doctrine and Training Centre (CADTC)

The mission of Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre (CADTC) is to plan and manage the intellectual development and training of the Canadian Army. That includes all personnel deployed as part of the Army under a Task Force or Joint Task Force.

CADTC comprises various units, (CADTC Headquarters, the Peace Support Training Centre, the Canadian Army Command and Staff College and the 2 Electronic Warfare Squadron) which are all located in Kingston, Ontario.

Also part of CADTC is the Army’s Combat Training Centre (CTC), a formation with units at 5th Canadian Division Support Group Gagetown, New Brunswick, and at at 8 Wing Trenton, Ontario, and the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre (CMTC) in Wainwright, Alberta.

Canadian Rangers

Canada map

The Canadian Rangers are a sub-component of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Reserve.

They provide patrols and detachments for national-security and public-safety missions in sparsely settled northern, coastal and isolated areas of Canada that can not conveniently or economically be covered by other parts of the CAF.

History and Heritage
Our Proud and Strong Army Legacy

Capability Development
Equipment, Uniforms, Weapons, Kit and more

Army Stewardship
Care of the Environment and Infrastructure

Army Renewal
The Way Ahead for the Army of Tomorrow

Read more about mental health resources for CAF members and families