ARCHIVED - Kandahar Cenotaph Honours the Fallen

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Article / July 12, 2019 / Project number: 19-0165

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By Steven Fouchard, Army Public Affairs

Ottawa, Ontario — The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and the Department of National Defence (DND) are holding a rededication of the Kandahar Cenotaph in the Afghanistan Memorial Hall in Ottawa, with the families of the Fallen and other invited guests in attendance. It will take place on Saturday, August 17, 2019.

The Memorial Hall, situated within DND Headquarters (Carling) (NDHQ (Carling)) is located at 60 Moodie Drive in Ottawa’s west end.

Families and guests will travel to Ottawa the day before and each family will be met with a military escort when they arrive. This escort will be available to assist the family for the duration of the two-day event. Spiritual guidance will be available if needed. Each guest will also receive a poppy to be laid on the Kandahar Cenotaph during their visit.

Ahead of the Ceremony, guests will able to view a video montage of Canada’s mission in Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014. The montage will highlight Canadian accomplishments in rebuilding Afghanistan, followed by a visual history of the Kandahar Cenotaph, which is at the heart of the Memorial Hall.

As the Rededication Ceremony of the Kandahar Cenotaph begins, so will the live stream on various DND/CAF social media platforms to ensure all Canadians have a chance to take part as well.

The ceremony will include a video montage of our Fallen, official addresses by dignitaries and government officials, prayers led by the Chaplain General, two minutes of silence, a fly-past by the Royal Canadian Air Force in a missing man formation, and a wreath-laying ceremony.

Following the rededication ceremony, a reception will be held nearby and the Memorial Hall will be open exclusively for family and invited guests to take as much time as they need, with spiritual guidance available throughout the day.

Family visitation on August 18 from 7 a.m. to 10 a.m.

There will be additional viewing opportunities on Sunday, August 18, when the Memorial Hall will be open for the families and invited guests from 7 a.m. to 10 a.m.

Public visitation on August 18 from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.

A public viewing of the Kandahar Cenotaph will take place on August 18 from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. at the Memorial Hall, immediately following the family visitation. Parking will be free of charge on this day.

Members of the public will be given guided access to the Memorial Hall without having to register in advance.

Members of the Defence Team are also encouraged to visit the Kandahar Cenotaph on August 18, and to spread the word to those they know who may be interested in visiting as well.

Members of the Defence Team may also visit the Cenotaph at any time when they are at NDHQ (Carling).

For those members of the public who are not able to come on August 18, there is the option of scheduling a visit at other times as described on the Memorial Hall’s information webpage.  See How to visit the Afghanistan Memorial Hall in the Related Links.

A Brief History of the Afghanistan Memorial Hall and the Kandahar Cenotaph

The Hall, housed within DND Headquarters (Carling) - located at 60 Moodie Drive in Ottawa’s west end - has been purpose-built to house the Kandahar Cenotaph.

The Cenotaph was unveiled in its earliest form on Remembrance Day 2003 at Camp Julien, CAF’s encampment in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Designed by Combat Engineer Captain Sean McDowell, the Cenotaph was initially dedicated to the first six Canadian soldiers lost ­– Private Richard Anthony Green, Corporal Ainsworth Dyer, Sergeant Marc Daniel Leger and Private Nathan Lloyd Smith (all April 17, 2002); and Sergeant Robert Short and Corporal Robbie Beerenfenger (both October 2, 2003).

The Cenotaph originally consisted of a two-tonne boulder taken from the site where Sgt Short and Cpl Beerenfenger were killed when their jeep struck a mine.

Two marble plinths with the inscription “Dedicated to those Canadians who gave their lives in the service of peace while serving in Afghanistan” in French and English were also added.

The Cenotaph was placed to be in the view of successive mission commanders as a reminder of their profound responsibilities. It was relocated to the Kandahar Airfield in 2005 following the closure of Camp Julien and expanded over the years with further dedications to other fallen soldiers.

A redesigned Cenotaph was unveiled in Kandahar on November 11, 2006. The original stone was placed on a platform, with two wooden wings sitting perpendicular to it, each bearing plaques honouring the fallen. Short marble walls bearing the same inscriptions were added to replace the original plinths.

The Cenotaph was the focal point of Remembrance Day ceremonies at both locations.

Relatives of the fallen soldiers were brought to Afghanistan by the federal government to visit the site to pay their respects, as did military members and civilians posted to the base or visiting from elsewhere.

Remembrance Day 2008 saw the addition of a bas-relief image by artist Sylvia Pecota, depicting an angel caring for a dying soldier. A pair of marble columns adorned with additional plaques to the fallen and the flags of Canada and Afghanistan were also added.

The Cenotaph was further expanded in 2010 with the addition of two new sections dedicated to American soldiers killed while serving under Canadian command.

Come 2011, the Cenotaph measured 21 metres long by eight metres deep and federal officials began discussing bringing it home to Canada for permanent display.

Following Remembrance Day ceremonies at Kandahar Airfield that year, military engineers spent two weeks carefully dismantling it and produced detailed drawings and photographs to ensure it would be properly rebuilt.

The original stone centrepiece, along with Ms. Pecota’s bas-relief image, was kept in Afghanistan until the mission’s end to serve as a temporary memorial.

Public viewings of the Cenotaph were held across Canada and in Washington, D.C. in May 2014, following the declaration of May 9 as a National Day of Honour to mark the end of the Afghanistan mission.

Construction of the Afghanistan Memorial Hall at National Defence Headquarters (Carling) began in May 2017.

The August 2019 rededication event follows an earlier ceremony held May 13, 2019 for military and federal government officials. While it was intended as a modest and solemn occasion, the event was criticized by some military families and media.

General Jonathan Vance, Chief of the Defence staff, issued an apology, saying, “Sadly, in trying to do the right thing by getting the Hall opened quickly so people, especially families of the Fallen, could arrange to visit, we alienated and angered these same people. Importantly, we also utterly failed to communicate the intent to hold an inclusive event in the future, following the opening of the Hall, to properly dedicate the memorial.”

“To each and to all,” he added, “we offer our deepest apologies, and ask for forgiveness. We will be seeking input from the families of the Fallen on how best to conduct the dedication.”

The Hall was opened to guided visits as of May 26, 2019. Visits must be booked in advance and members of the public can find out how to do so by referring to “How to visit the Afghanistan Memorial Hall” in the Related Links.

The Department of Canadian Heritage, Veterans Affairs Canada, and the National Capital Commission announced in late June 2019 that a site had been chosen for the public memorial to the Afghanistan mission. The approved location is in Ottawa across the street from the Canadian War Museum.

Planning for the $5 million project, including a national design competition, is now in its early stages. Design work is expected to start in the coming months, with the memorial unveiling now scheduled for fall 2023.

More than 40,000 CAF members served in Afghanistan between October 2001 and March 2014, making it Canada’s largest military deployment since the Second World War.

Along with the 158 Canadian soldiers lost were a Canadian diplomat, a DND civilian contractor, an embedded Canadian journalist, and 42 American soldiers and one American civilian serving under Canadian command.

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